Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
CBT is a form of psychotherapy that is effective for treating a range of mental health problems including, anxiety disorders, problems caused by alcohol and drug use, eating disorders, depression, etc., among others.
In CBT, the psychotherapist and the client work together collaboratively to understand the problem in depth and develop a strategy. CBT emphasizes that individuals with problems learn to be their own therapists. CBT aims to bring in changes in the patient’s behaviour that will help them to feel better. They together find ways of reacting differently to thoughts and feelings, such as challenging negative thoughts that occur.
The psychotherapist teaches coping skills using which the patients can change their thinking, and emotions that cause problems and behaviour. These skills are taught to the patient using practical exercises during the treatment sessions and homework exercises. The CBT approach takes a structured form and the intervention to treat a problem is usually between 6 and 20 sessions.
CBT is a treatment approach which has demonstrated that it is as effective as other psychotherapy methods and treatment using drugs. CBT has a strong evidence base and advances in the methodology have been made via both research and clinical practice. The National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) strongly recommends CBT for the treatment of managing long-term illnesses, depression, postnatal depression, OCD, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder.